Each agency and, to a greater or lesser extent, each supervisor, has a considerable amount of flexibility in determining and setting scheduling guidelines. As a result, your ultimate work schedule and the options available to you need to be discussed and finalized with your supervisor.
The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) provides Governmentwide leadership on Federal work scheduling policies and programs. They develop and maintain Governmentwide regulations and policies on the administration of work schedules, including the basic 40-hour workweek, holidays, and flexible and compressed work schedules. However, each Federal agency is responsible for administering work scheduling policies and programs for its own employees.
If you are in contact with your supervisor by phone or email prior to your Entrance on Duty, you are strongly encouraged to have that discussion with him or her early on. If not, it should be one of the first topics of discussion you should have immediately after your Entrance on Duty processing.
Here is a brief introduction to the options available to you. The information provided here is only intended to make you aware of the possibilities. In each case, links will be provided you to pages that will give you more in-depth information.
The three general areas touched on here are:
- Alternative Work Schedule
Alternative Work Schedules (AWS)
Alternative work schedules (AWS) are work schedules that allow employees to work other than traditional 8-hour days. Use of an AWS program promotes a family friendly workplace by allowing employees to better balance work and family needs. Use of an AWS can also help employees avoid peak rush hour traffic. Organizations benefit by having more employees who are able to maximize their productive time and minimize the effects of outside responsibilities. In some cases, alternative work schedules can enable an organization to better serve customers with longer office hours or who may be in other time zones or have non-traditional schedules themselves.
Flexible work schedules include schedules that are fixed schedules (i.e., schedules in which the employee pre-selects starting and stopping times each day and adheres to those times) and schedules that permit employees to arrive and depart within the flexible time bands established.
A Compressed Work Schedule (CWS) allows an employee to increase the number of hours worked each day so the employee can have one regular day off scheduled each week or each pay period. Compressed work schedules are fixed schedules. Managers may not authorize the use of flexible work schedules in conjunction with CWS. The employee must work the required number of daily hours to correspond with the CWS established for that employee.
Telework is an arrangement that allows employees to conduct some or all of their work at a location other than their official worksite. Telework can be completed in an employee’s home, a telework center, or an alternately approved worksiteTypes of Telework:
Regular and recurring telework includes at least one (1) day each pay period in a telework status. Telework days are scheduled in advance and may be changed only with prior approval.
Ad hoc telework is performed on an occasional, one-time, or irregular basis and is usually driven by the situation (e.g. a one-time project that requires intense concentration). Ad hoc telework may also be approved for use during inclement weather or other emergency conditions.
The Federal Government provides a wide range of benefits to civilian employees to help them meet their personal and family needs. Information about civilian leave entitlements is provided so that you can easily see what is available to help you balance your work and personal life — whether you plan to take time off for a vacation, go to the doctor's office, or help take care of a family member with a serious medical condition.
There are approximately ten different types of leave available to a Federal employee:
- Annual Leave
- Sick Leave
- Bone Marrow/Organ Donor Leave
- Administrative Leave / Excused Absence
- Leave without Pay
- Court Leave
- Family and Medical Leave Act
- Military Leave
- Parental Leave
For more information on each of these types of leave, leave accrual rates, and regulations concerning the circumstances under which leave can be granted and used, please consult the leave topics listed on the right (by clicking on the item). You can return to this page by using the back-arrow button on the command line of your browser.